Wayne and Christina


Addenda and Corrigenda to Roverandom (1998)

by J.R.R. Tolkien
Edited by Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond

p. 94: A useful addition to our existing note for p. 20 would be:

yaps and yelps, and yammers and yowls, growling and grizzling, whickering and whining, snickering and snarling, mumping and moaning. In this context, among less common verbs, grizzling means showing the teeth, whickering and snickering both mean laughing in a smothered manner, and mumping means grimacing or grinning. The behaviour is decidedly canine as well as alliterative.

The sequence of words is reminiscent of lines in the poem ‘Goblin Market’ by Christina Rossetti:

[The goblins]
Came towards her hobbling,
Flying, running, leaping,
Puffing and blowing,
Chuckling, clapping, crowing,
Clucking and gobbling,
Mopping and mowing,
Full of airs and graces,
Pulling wry faces,
Demure grimaces. . . .

Also compare The Hobbit, Chapter 4, describing angered goblins: ‘The yells and yammering, croaking, jibbering and jabbering; howls, growls and curses; shrieking and skriking, that followed were beyond description.’

p. 105: This may be a useful note for p. 80, pointed out to us by Paul S. Person:

‘We don’t want to lose you, but we think you ought to go.’ These words are from the second verse of ‘Your King and Country Want You’ by Paul Rubens (‘Oh, we don’t want to lose you but we think you ought to go. / For your King and your country both need you so.’). One of the most popular songs in Britain at the start of the World War in 1914, ‘Your King and Country Want You’ was used to persuade young men to enlist for military service. Links to recordings of the song may be found at this web site.

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